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Foam Generation and Stability

Foam Generation and Stability

A foam is a colloidal dispersion in which a gas is dispersed in a continuous liquid phase. Many examples of foams in industry and everyday life can be found easily such as shampoo, bubble bath, dishwater detergent, cleaner, laundry, coffee, beer, beverages, soda, mining process, oil recovery, environment remedy, and so on. Solid foams, dispersions of gas in a solid, are not covered in this statement.

Do you like or hate foams?  For some refiners, in which the through-flow of gas at high temperature, pressure is required to crack hydrocarbons, the gas-liquid mixtures will foam strongly. The foam traps gas with gas fractions of 80% or higher.  Clearly in such situations, in which it is desired that solid catalysts contact liquids, the production of foam is not wanted. On the other hand, there are applications where foams are useful.  For example foams can have a high stress yield  and can be used in a fluid for carrying particles in applications ranging from the transport of cuttings in drilling, to the placement of sands in cracks in oil producing reservoirs, to increasing the conductivity of reservoirs for secondary oil recovery. Obviously, bubble bath and shampoo companies should like to produce appropriate foams for dish and hair washing.  Therefore, technologies which are impacted by foams and foaming are widespread.  And you have to deal with them.

Realistically, foams are not well understood and they are very hard to control.  A foam cannot be created without the vigorous introduction of gas from a bubbly mixture. To understand foaming it is necessary to try to be precise about the critical values of bubble release required to make and maintain a foam.  All liquid/gas foams are unstable, and some are more unstable than others.  The stability of foams is another subject in which our understanding is far from complete. Foams collapse by draining and film rupture. To keep a foam from collapsing it is necessary to oppose the draining by surface tension gradients induced by surfactants.  Therefore, the selection of surfactant through an effective foam testing to design an appealing formulation for the market is critical.

SITA R2000 and its versatile functional modules can help you understand all these important topics with a foam Its fully automated features enable you to measure the foam’s ease of generation, stability, drainage, density, and many other foam properties.  An interfacial rheology device, OCA25+ODG25 and bubble tensiometer SITA T100 will help you identify key factors which play important roles in determining the effectiveness of your formulations.  Speak to our experienced scientists to start making changes for your business.

Medical Devices and Biomaterials

Medical Devices and Biomaterials

A medical device is an instrument, apparatus, implant, in vitro reagent, or similarly related article that is used to diagnose, prevent, or treat diseases and conditions, but does not achieve its purposes through chemical action within or on the body.  Medical devices act by other behaviors like physical, mechanical, or thermal means.  Medical devices vary greatly in complexity and application.  Biomedical device product manufacturing is a long process requiring robust SOPs and guidelines for production.  With global competition, the R&D of new biomedical devices is not just a necessity, but is imperative for innovative, up-to-date biomedical device manufacturing companies. The realization of a new design can be very costly, especially with the shorter product life cycle. As technology advances, there is a level of quality, safety and reliability that increases exponentially with market demand.

Scope of medical device and biomaterial research:

  • Effect of biomaterial surface designs on the response of biological environment
  • Surface treatment-plasma Treatments, polymer/organic coatings, etc.
  • Reduce/eliminate protein adsorption
  • Reduce/eliminate cell adhesion
  • Promote cell attachment/adhesion
  • Reduce thromogenicity
  • Reduce bacterial adhesion
  • Alter transport properties
  • Increase lubricity
  • Enhance corrosion/degradation resistance
  • Dental materials
  • Artificial heart, joints, bones, hearing implants
  • Pacemaker, drug-eluting stents for artery and trachea
  • Mobile medical applications-wearable device such as neuromodulation devices (including SCS, DBS and VNS markets)
  • Surface cleaning process standards
  • etc.

Our devices which can help you: Dataphysics DCAT-LB, ODG25, OCAs, SVT20, SITA CleanoSpector, T100, T15+, Dynotester, etc.